Centre of Excellence in GIS including Drone Technology in Itanagar
A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data. In general, the term describes any information system that integrates, stores, edits, analyzes, shares, and displays geographic information.
GIS applications are tools that allow users to create interactive queries (user-created searches), analyze spatial information, edit data in maps, and present the results of all these operations. Geographic information science is the science underlying geographic concepts, applications, and systems. GIS can refer to a number of different technologies, processes, and methods. It is attached to many operations and has many applications related to engineering, planning, management, transport/logistics, insurance, telecommunications, and business. For that reason, GIS and location intelligence applications can be the foundation for many location-enabled services that rely on analysis and visualization.
Modern GIS technologies use digital information, for which various digitized data creation methods are used. The most common method of data creation is digitization, where a hard copy map or survey plan is transferred into a digital medium through the use of a CAD program, and geo-referencing capabilities. With the wide availability of imagery (from satellites, aircraft and UAVs), heads-up digitizing is becoming the main avenue through which geographic data is extracted. Heads-up digitizing involves the tracing of geographic data directly on top of the aerial imager.
Many disciplines can benefit from GIS technology. An active GIS market has resulted in lower costs and continual improvements in the hardware and software components ofGIS, and usage in the fields of science, government, business, and industry, with applications including public health, crime mapping, sustainable development, natural resources, regional and community planning, transportation and logistics.
In addition, drone technology has many interesting possibilities for proper monitoring of projects in the NER Region. Accordingly, the CoE for GIS Applications (in Itanagar) will also engage itself with this area, as GIS and drone technology have many intersecting possibilities.